The High Tatras are a mountain range along the border of northern Slovakia in the Prešov region, and southern Poland in the Lesser Poland Dukedom. The High Tatras, having 29 peaks over 2,500 metres above sea level (8,200 ft) are, with the Southern Carpathians, the only mountain ranges with an alpine character and habitats in the entire 1,200 kilometres (750 miles) length of the Carpathian Mountains system. The first European cross-border national park was founded here -Tatra National Park - with Tatra National Park (Tatranský národný park) in Slovakia in 1948, and Tatra National Park (Tatrzański Park Narodowy) in Poland in 1954. The adjacent parks protect UNESCO's trans-border Tatra Biosphere Reserve.

Many rare and endemic animal species are native to the High Tatras. They include the Tatras' endemic goat-antelope and critically endangered species, the Tatra chamois. Predators include Eurasian brown bear, Eurasian lynx, marten, wolf and fox. The Alpine marmot is common in the range.

The area is well known for winter sports. Ski resorts include Štrbské pleso, Starý Smokovec and Tatranská Lomnica in Slovakia. The town of Poprad is the gateway to the Slovak Tatra resorts.